Who is benefitting ?
"If you look at the employment data, the MBCs, the SCs and the STs have not benefited. The real needy will benefit only when we remove the creamy layer. For the last 56 years, reservation has not reached the needy, and there is data to show that," MIDS professor http://www.rediff.com/news/2006/may/30spec.htm.
Before you shed tears for the hardships and discrimination faced by the hapless OBCs, just look around. There are a lot of characteristics of OBCs, but backwardness is definitely not one of them, atleast for the OBCs who are going to benefit most from the proposed reservations.
Take the case of TWO commissions (in TN)
- Prior to commisson reservation was 25% BC and 16% SC/ST (Total = 41%) Quite a sane level
The first commission (Sattanathan commission) found that in 1969-70, just 9 BC communities (making up just 11% of BC population) cornered almost all benefits available (47% of total medical and 46% of engineering seats, 40% of non-gazetted and 48% of gazetted posts). The gounders claimed backwardness in this commission and attained it. If you think clearly, you cannot blame any community for claiming benefits when they see another community in the same position running away with the prizes. http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=128641
- Prior to this commission, reservation was ( 31% BC and 18% SC/ST), total = 49% (just below the SC directive) – but MGR arbitrarily hiked the OBC share from 31% to 51% (pure political move). This hike was 20% bringing the total to 69% which stands till today.
- Due to MGRs unilateral act, the SC intervened and asked for a commission – thus the second commission came into being. Ref: http://www.rediff.com/news/2006/may/30spec.htm
The second commission (Ambasankar) concluded that just 22 of the OBC communities (~10% of total OBC communities) cornered 77% of reserved seats in professional courses and 64% of new government jobs. Around this time Vanniyars led by Ramdoss (father of Anbumani Ramdoss) fought and got themselves reclassified as MBCs.
What will a study today show ?
- One – it will show that the so called OC pool is shrinking due to migration and non-participation. Most OCs have come to accept that professional courses it not for them. Just check the commerce group in high school (it would be interesting to note the composition).
- Two – it will show the absolute domination of the top-OBCs in both the reserved and open categories. It will show even more marginalization of the really needy OBCs (who are not traditionally land owning or aristocratic)
- Three – it will lead to even more vociferous and legitimate demands from marginalized OBC communities
Is it any wonder that no political party wants this kind of data ?
— Some other comments on other bloggers —
How did communities get BC status ?
There is a lot of ill-informed talk on the blogosphere about the famous 11 criteria for backwardness identified by the Mandal Commission. None of the bloggers seem to know that these 11 criteria were never used as a test for inclusion of communities into the OBC list. In any case, everyone would welcome it if the government reclassified all OBCs based on the 11 criteria. There must be some objectiveness to the system. It seems Mandal just asked each state to furnish a list of OBCs and included it without any evaluation. Yes, the commission did visit a handful of villages – but that was not India-wide or was any objectivity applied.
One month is enough for the initial survey of OBCs
Another group of people are claiming that collecting facts will take too long and therefore we cannot wait for data and subsequent analysis. They want to extend the benefits of top institutions to the same dominant communities who have cornered most of the benefits in each state. A study of OBCs can be really simple and can take less than a month. Are you wondering how ? All the government needs is to analyze the admissions to professional colleges. These records are community based and a simple databases query ought to be enough. Then why is the government running scared ?
Please please no sob stories of lead-pouring, night-soil carrying, whilplash receiving, hut burning, stories. These are the stories of the really oppressed – the SC/STs, please please do not hijack it or extend it the the OBCs (certainly not to the ones who are going to corner most of these new benefits).