Reality Check India

The sachar muslim literacy rate puzzle

Posted in Uncategorized by realitycheck on December 29, 2006

It turns out that in 10 major states of India, Muslims are more literate than Hindus. This fact is conveniently ignored by the PM while promising them “first claim on resources”. Story here and here.

Click the image to see the literacy data from the Sachar report (in turn extracted from the 2001 census data)


Scratch the surface and our social policies collapse in a pile of spectacular anomalies. The left wing cheerleaders will characteristically retreat into the woodwork and offer no opinions. I have pointed out that the #1 problem in India is the failure to evolve a robust mechanism for selecting individual castes for inclusion in the group called OBC. The muslim logic will be along the lines of, “Hey, if powerful and wealthy hindu OBCs can help themselves to a 18000 cr party, why not us ?” At least we have taken the pain to collect this much data. Do they have any data ? Sorry for putting it across so crudely, but this is the elephant in the room.

Spectacular anomaly #1 – TN

It turns out that in the states of Tamilnadu, Kerala, Andhra, and Karnataka muslims are more literate than Hindus, and way ahead of the SC/ST groups. Consider TN, Muslims have a 82.9% literacy rate compared to 72% for the hindus and a paltry 62% for SC/ST. If that is true, then on what basis are almost ALL muslims in TN grouped as OBC (socially and educationally backward) ?

Spectacular anomaly #2 – AP 

Recently the government allocated a 5% quota for muslims (this resulted in hundreds of muslims getting admissions to medical schools cutting in front of merit students). Guess what, in AP Muslims have a literacy rate of 68% compared to only 59% for hindus and 49% for SC/ST. They have a splendid lead on the hindus of 10% and a whopping 20% lead on the SC/ST. Under what circumstances do they need the 5% quota.

Spectacular anomaly #3 – West Bengal and Assam

Scratchy record warning ! The communists really need to be taken to the skewers by the Bengali muslims. They must explain why only 6% of bengalis are OBC whereas 62% of Keralites are (they rule in both states).  Is WB the land of milk and honey and is Kerala hopelessly mired in backwardness and oppression ? Where is the social basis for this classification ? In WB, Muslims have only 57% literacy whereas hindus have 73% and SC/ST have 56%. In Assam, Muslims are the worst with 48.4% with hindus at 70% (a whopping 22% behind). Guess what ? In WB, almost NO muslims get OBC benefits. They must compete in the open. The CPI-M apparently has no problems classifying the wealthiest muslims (Mapillahs of Kerala) as OBC but not giving benefits to wretchedly backward muslims of 24 parganas. <- Mark our words this anomaly is waiting to explode sooner or later.

In states of Orissa, Gujarat, Mah, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Muslims are more literate than hindus.

Reality Checks action items on Sachar

The Sachar report naturally leads to the following action items in 2007.

  • Remove Muslims from the OBC lists in Tamilnadu, Kerala, Karnataka, and AP. They can no longer be classified as OBC, because they simply do not meet the “socially AND EDUCATIONALLY backward” requirements due to their high literacy rates.  Educational backwardness is a necessary condition for classification as OBC.  Thanks to the muslim committee members of the Sachar commission for pointing this out. 
  • Add Muslims to the OBC lists immediately in Bengal, Assam, and Uttar Pradesh. This must be done after collecting admissions records, and surveys of individual muslim castes in thoses states.

If you only add and not remove, then you have crossed the line of affirmative action and are well into reverse discrimination territory.

12 Responses

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  1. pavanreddy said, on December 29, 2006 at 10:49 pm


    The grip of the Majlis-e-ittehadul Muslimeen on the community remains strong, With a Member representing Hyderabad in the Lok Sabha, five members in the Andhra Pradesh Assembly, 40 corporators in Hyderabad and 95-plus members elected to various municipal bodies in Andhra Pradesh, the All-India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen is one of the foremost representatives of the city’s Muslims and the most powerful Muslim party in India and one can see the partys strenghth if it goes to Hyderabad old city and Parts of Muslim Dominated Villages of Andhra Pradesh everywhere u look u can see MIM written on walls ,lightpoles and buildings leaving aside green flags and posters of its Leadership and there small Offices . The Majlis has brought lot of development to the Old part of the city even after it is said it hasnt done anything by its opponents who are mostly Ex Majlis workers.The Majlis was formed in 1927 “for educational and social uplift of Muslims”. But it articulated the position that “the ruler and throne (Nizam) are symbols of the political and cultural rights of the Muslim community… (and) this status must continue forever”.The Majlis pitted itself against the Andhra Mahasabha and the communists who questioned the feudal order that sustained the Nizam’s rule. It also bitterly opposed the Arya Samaj, which gave social and cultural expression to the aspirations of the urban Hindu population in the Hyderabad State of those days.By the mid-1940s, the Majlis had come to represent a remarkably aggressive and violent face of Muslim communal politics as it organised the razakars (volunteers) to defend the “independence” of this “Muslim” State from merger with the Indian Union.According to historians, over 1,50,000 such `volunteers’ were organised by the Majlis for the Nizam State’s defence but they are remembered for unleashing unparalleled violence against Communal Hindus and the communists and all those who opposed the Nizam’s “go it alone” policy. It is estimated that during the height of the razakar `agitation’, over 30,000 people had taken shelter in the Secunderabad cantonment alone to protect themselves from these `volunteers’.But the razakars could do little against the Indian Army and even put up a fight. Kasim Rizvi, the Majlis leader, was imprisoned and the organisation banned in 1948. Rizvi was released in 1957 on the undertaking that he would leave for Pakistan in 48 hours. Before he left though, Rizvi met some of the erstwhile activists of the Majlis and passed on the presidentship to Abdul Wahed Owaisi, a famous lawyer and an Islamic scholar from jamia nizamia who also was jailed for nearly 10 months after he took over the Majlis leadership as the then govt wanted to abolish the Majlis party but Owaisi refused to do so and was seen as a person who had financially supported the party when it was a bankrupt and weak one after the Police Action in Hyderabad State.Owaisi is credited with having “re-written” the Majlis constitution according to the provisions of the Indian Constitution and “the realities of Muslim minority in independent India”, and fought the legal case for winning back darrusslam mim headquarters for years according to a former journalist, Chander Srivastava. For the first decade-and-a-half after this “reinvention”, the Majlis remained, at best, a marginal player in Hyderabad politics and even though every election saw a rise in its vote share, it could not win more than one Assembly seat.The 1970s saw an upswing in Majlis’ political fortunes. In 1969, it won back its party headquarters, Dar-us-Salaam — a sprawling 4.5-acre compound in the heart of the New City. It also won compensation which was used to set up an ITI on the premises and a women’s degree college in Nizamabad town. In 1976, Salahuddin Owaisi took over the presidentship of the Majlis after his father’s demise who also was also Jailed Various times .This started an important phase in the history of the Majlis as it continued expanding its educational institutions,Hospitals,Banks, including the first Muslim minority Engineering College and Medical College. Courses in MBA, MCA ,Nursing, Pharmacy and other professional degrees followed and now a daily newspaper known as Etemaad Daily. The 1970s were also a watershed in Majlis’ history as after a long period of 31 years, Hyderabad witnessed large-scale communal rioting in 1979. The Majlis came to the forefront in “defending” Muslim life and property Majlis workers could be seen at these moments defending the properties of Muslims in the wake of riots and these workers were very hard even for the police to control them even now it is a known fact that there are nearly about 2500 units of strong members who only act if there is a seirous threat to the Owaisi family and these members are under the direct orders of the Owaisi family which leads the Majlis party leaving aside thousands of workers and informers throughout the State and even outside the country far away till America and the Gulf countries.Salahuddin Owaisi, also known as “Salar-e-Millat” (commander of the community), has repeatedly alleged in his speeches that the Indian state has “abandoned” the Muslims to their fate. Therefore, “Muslims should stand on their own feet, rather than look to the State for help’’, he argues.This policy has been an unambiguous success in leveraging the Majlis today to its position of being practically the “sole spokesman” of the Muslims in Hyderabad and its environs.Voting figures show this clearly. From 58,000 votes in the 1962 Lok Sabha elections for the Hyderabad seat, Majlis votes rose to 1,12,000 in 1980. The clear articulation of this “stand on one’s feet” policy in education and `protection’ during riots doubled its vote-share by 1984. Salahuddin Owaisi won the seat for the first time, polling 2.22 lakh votes. This vote-share doubled in the 1989 Lok Sabha elections to over four lakhs.The Majlis has since continued its hold on the Hyderabad seat winning about five-and-a-half lakh votes each time.Despite remarkable economic prosperity and negligible communal violence in the past decade, the hold of the Majlis on the Muslims of Hyderabad remains, despite minor dents. And despite widespread allegations of Majlis leaders having “made money”, most ordinary Muslims continue to support them because, as one bank executive put it “they represent our issues clearly and unambiguously’’. An old Historian Bakhtiyar khan says the Owaisi family was a rich family even before entering Politics and he says he had seen the late Majlis leader Abdul Wahed Owaisi in an American Buick car at a time when rarely cars were seen on Hyderabad Roads and the family had strong relations with the ersthwhile Nizams of Hyderabad and the Paighs even now the family is considered to be one of the richest familes in Hyderabad.A university teacher says that the Majlis helped Muslims live with dignity and security at a time when they were under attack and even took the fear out of them after the Police action and adds that he has seen Majlis leaders in the front at times confronting with the Police and the Govt. Asaduddin Owaisi, the articulate UK educated barrister from Lincolns Inn College son of Salahuddin Owaisi and Former leader of the Majlis’ Legislature party and now an MP himself who has travelled across the globe meeting world leaders and organizatons and even in war zones compares the Majlis to the Black Power movement of America.The Majlis that emerged after 1957 is a completely different entity from its pre-independence edition, he says adding that comparisons with that bloody past are “misleading and mischievous”. “That Majlis was fighting for state power, while we have no such ambitions or illusions”.He stoutly defends the need for “an independent political voice” for the minorities, which is willing to defend them and project their issues “firmly”.“How can an independent articulation of minority interests and aspirations be termed communal,” he asks and contests any definition of democracy which questions the loyalty of minorities if they assert their independent political identity. “We are a threat not only to the BJP and Hindu communalism, but also to Muslim extremism,” Asaduddin claims. “By providing a legitimate political vent for Muslims to voice their aspirations and fears, we are preventing the rise of political extremism and religious obscurantism when the community is under unprecedented attack from Hindu communalists and the state’’. He can be seen in his speeches speaking against terrorism in the Country and says if the time arises Majlis will stand side by side in defending the Nation and Recently Majlis ittehadul Muslimeen MP Asaduddin Owaisi has Visited Lebanon after the war with israel and met the leaders of the resistance group Hezbollah and he has even visited Bombay and Malegaon Muslims and raised there issues in Parliament and has even represented the police torture victims to the Prime Minister and has given aid From Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen Party Fund.

  2. Mahesh said, on January 18, 2007 at 5:34 pm

    I know him and u r right. Mr.Owaisi is a true descendent of Jinnah!
    (My appreciation to u for writing an article,instead of leaving a silly comment.)

  3. Shantanu said, on January 22, 2007 at 2:10 pm

    Great piece…I am linking it on my blog…

  4. revert muslim women said, on February 9, 2007 at 1:16 pm

    wat ever u hav said abt muslim womens and women in islam are just absurd….these are bad qualities of ur religion…i really enjoy a happy life with my new religion..mashallah…may god bless muslims..just checkout my real story…

    • Rakesh Mahajan said, on November 26, 2010 at 12:35 pm

      I do not want to comment against belief of any individual.But who have seen the God,Allah ,Baghwan or any thing like that.Only u believe in it thats all. If allha had directed women to veil themselves,why Allha had not directed the men to donot harm the women sexually.It is ridiculous.

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  6. Rayan Ali said, on April 7, 2010 at 4:31 am

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  7. Lisa said, on April 11, 2010 at 5:41 am

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  8. Shahi said, on February 15, 2012 at 9:26 am

    Plz send muslim dristicwise literecy rate of india

  9. Give 10% reservation to Muslims: TNTJ said, on February 15, 2012 at 1:47 pm

    […] In the four Southern states Muslims have literacy rates higher than Hindus (UC, OBC and SC-ST) as per 2001 Census. Kerala, TN and Karnataka already have […]

  10. […] The minority position can be summarized as follows : The programs violate Art 15(1) because similarly situated candidates of Hindu (non-minority) will be excluded from this program only on the basis of religion.  This is a strong position because for OBC benefits, atleast on paper, similarly situated upper caste students are not eliminated. The reason is if a community could show social and educational backwardness they too stood a chance of being identified as OBCs by statutory bodies such as the NCBC and various state commissions.  However in this case, the only difference is religion which cannot be transcended. The 2 judges in the minority also break open the actual content of the Sachar report. They need to review the findings because they assert that if one had to test for valid classification a “strict scrutiny” is a must (P98). Once they adopted an enhanced scrutiny vs the majority judges, the rest of their judgment falls into place naturally.  Sachar never studied Christians or Sikhs  so such a piggybacking would result in a heterogeneous group. Even among Muslims Sachar found that they were ahead in 10 major states including Gujarat. See my 2006 post on “Sachar Literacy Rate puzzle“. […]

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